Although millions visit Makkah yearly for Umrah and Hajj, very few are aware of the rich wondrous secrets housed within its walls.
Purpose of the Shathrawan
Abdullah Ibn Al Zubair (RA) built the shathrawan (the marble foundation circling the Kaa’ba) during his rule over Makkah. It was built in order to protect the Kaa’ba against flooding during the rainy season and also to keep the cloth coverings of the Kaa’ba, or the kiswah, safe. Fifty-five rings of copper were used to attach the coverings of the Kaa’ba to the shathrawan as a means of further protection.
The Black Stone is not a Single Piece
The Black Stone is the sacred stone attached to the southeastern cornerstone of the Kaa’ba. The Stone is 30 centimeters in diameter and is about 1.5 meters off the ground. The Black Stone was originally in one piece but was broken during various raids like the Qarmatian raid in 930 AD.
Virtue of Al Multazam
It is sunnah to hold on to the wall of the Kaa’ba in such a manner that a cheek, chest and hands are against the wall. It is reported that Abdullah bin Umar (RA) once completed the Tawaf, performed the salah and then kissed the Hajar Al Aswad (Black Stone). Thereafter, he stood between the Hajar Al Aswad and the door of the Kaa’ba in such a manner that the cheek, chest and hands were against the wall. He then said, “This is what I saw Rasulullah (PBUH) do.”
Inside the Kaa’ba there is a Niche Where Prophet (pbuh) Prayed
The interior of the Kaa’ba is infused with a mix of musk and authentic sandalwood perfumes, reapplied throughout the year. The floors of the Kaa’ba are made of white marble framed by -4meter high rosewood marble running parallel to the walls. At the inner entrance located in the back of the Kaa’ba, there is a niche where the Prophet (PBUH) performed his prayers. The area is indicated by a different colored marble.
Three Wooden Columns Support the Roof of the Kaa’ba
Previously six wooden columns used to hold up the Kaa’ba but now there are only three, each 44 centimeters in diameter and 9 meters high. Lamps made of copper and silver, dating back to the Ottoman Empire, hang from the roof.
The Staircase Inside the Kaa’ba
On the right side of the interior is a staircase leading to the roof accessed through a door known as the Door of Repentance. The stairs that lead to the roof of the Kaa’ba are made mostly of aluminum.
Al Multazam is what is between the Black Stone and the door of the Kaa’ba. — Ibn Abbas (RA)
Virtue of the Yemeni Corner
The Prophet (PBUH) said, “Touching the Black Stone and the Yemeni Corner indeed erases sins.” (Narrated by Ahmad from Ibn ‘Umar; classed as saheeh by al Albaani in Saheeh al Jaami’, no. 2194).
Between the Yemeni Corner and the Black Stone one should say the words that were narrated from Abdallaah ibn al Saa’ib, who said: “I heard the Messenger of Allah (PBUH) say between the two Corners: “Our Lord, give us that which is good in this world and that which is good in the Hereafter, and protect us from the torment of the Fire.” (Narrated by Abu Dawood, 1892).
Key Keepers of the Kaa’ba
On the conquest of Makkah, the Prophet (PBUH) was given the keys to the Kaa’ba and instead of keeping it in his own possession, he returned them back to the Osman Ibn Talha (RA) of the Bani Shaiba family. They had been the traditional key keepers of the Kaa’ba for centuries, and the Prophet (PBUH) confirmed them in that role till the end of time by these words “Take it, O Bani Talha, eternally up to the Day of Resurrection, and it will not be taken from you unless by an unjust, oppressive tyrant.” And to this very day, the keys to the Kaa’ba remain in the hands of the same family.
Kiswa (Al Kaa’ba Cover)
During the early days of Islam, the Prophet (PBUH) covered the Kaa’ba with fabrics and Yemeni textiles. During Umar Ibn Al Khattab’s era, it was covered with Egyptian linen. Hesham Ibn Orwa said that the first follower who substituted leather coverings for fabrics was Ibn Al Zubair. The first to change the Kaa’ba’s coverings twice in one year was Mowaya Ibn Abi Safyan.
The covers were changed once on the 10th of Muharram and once at the end of Ramadan. Ibn Al Zubair was also well known for his generosity in using fine perfumes inside the Kaa’ba. It was common for a sultan, king, or prince to donate the cover of the Kaa’ba.
The Covers of the Kaa’ba are Manufactured in Makkah
The Saudi government oversees a factory in Makkah, which is the sole manufacturer of the Kaa’ba covers. They manufacture three types of covers: internal covers, external covers and a special cover for the door of the Kaa’ba called Al Borquoo’o. Over 600 meters of fine black silk weighing 670 kilograms are specially made and covered with Qur’anic verses using gold coated silver fibers.