“Dua is ‘Ibadah”
(Riyad Al Saliheen, Abu Dawood, Book 17, no.1465)
Moments of happiness or sadness, Muslims are encouraged to continue invoking Allah (Praise be to Him). However, this fact always keeps many perturbed when their supplications go unanswered for reasons unknown to them. A believer should bear the following guidelines when supplicating:
1. Ask Allah directly:
“And your Lord says, “Call upon Me; I will respond to you.”…” (40:60)Allah is As Same’ (The All-Hearing) and Al Baseer (The All-Seeing) and Merciful towards His entire Creation. We shouldn’t hold back and shy away from asking Him directly.
2. Keep your minds clear from unrelated things while supplicating.
Allah (praise be to Him) does not accept any kind of worship, which has no sincerity in it. (Sahih Al Bukhari, vol. 7, Book 62, no.8)
3. Ask Allah by His Beautiful Names
4. Use the best times:
Among the best times is the time just before Fajr (dawn), the last third of the night, the last hour of Jumu’ah (Friday), when rain is falling, and between the adh’aan and iqaamah.
5. Among the situations in which supplication is more likely to be answered are:
When one is mistreated or oppressed, when one is travelling, when one is fasting, when one is in desperate need and when a Muslim makes supplication for his brother in his absence.
6. End your supplication by sending blessings upon the Prophet (PBUH.)
Reasons why our supplication gets rejected:
1. Asking for inappropriate and forbidden things.
“The supplication of a slave continues to be granted as long as he does not supplicate for a sinful thing or for something that would cut off the ties of kinship and he does not grow impatient.” (Riyad Al Saiheen, Bukhari and Muslim, Book 17, no.1499)
2. Sustaining ourselves with unlawful sustenance:
“…Then he (ﷺ) mentioned [the case] of a man who, having journeyed far, is disheveled and dusty, and who spreads out his hands to the sky saying “O Lord! O Lord!,” while his food is haram (unlawful), his drink is haram, his clothing is haram, and he has been nourished with haram, so how can [his supplication] be answered?” (40 Hadith Al Nawawi, no.10)
3. Getting impatient and losing hope:
Losing hope in Allah that He will answer the call of His servants will do nothing good. We must engrave in our minds that whatever calamity has befallen is due to our own mischief or it is the test from Allah, The All-Wise.
Another important point is to realize that the response to the supplication may take different forms: either Allah will respond and fulfil the desire of the person who made the supplication, or He will ward off some evil from him because of the supplication, or He will make something good easy for him to attain because of it, or He will save it with Him for him on the Day of Resurrection when he will be most in need of it.